Intrathecal Gadolinium-Enhanced MR Cisternography: A Comprehensive Review

Authors: O. Algina and B. Turkbeyb

CE-MRC has been in use for the past 15 years and was reported to be a useful method in the evaluation of CSF disorders and hydrocephalus. The use of CE-MRC in conjunction with other MR imaging techniques has been shown to be effective in selected cases for the evaluation of several disorders of cerebrospinal system. CE-MRC has certain advantages over other cisternographic studies with fewer side effects if performed properly. Although intrathecal Gd administration is not widely accepted yet, several recent studies have reported the safety of small-dose intrathecal gadolinium injection. In this review, we describe CE-MRC and review recent applications in several clinical conditions.