Coming of Age: Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography

Authors: Bastarrika, Gorka MD, PhD; Schoepf, U. Joseph MD, FAHA

Technical development has substantially improved diagnostic performance of coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). A large number of studies have addressed proof of concept, feasibility, and clinical robustness of this noninvasive diagnostic technique, and most have consistently described the ability of CCTA to reliably rule out significant coronary artery stenosis. Clinical evidence supports the significant role of CCTA in an increasing number of scenarios, including the detection of coronary disease in symptomatic patients who are at intermediate risk and evaluation of coronary revascularization procedures. After initial feasibility testing, the scientific evaluation of CCTA now points toward analyzing prognosis, outcome, and cost-effectiveness of this noninvasive diagnostic tool. In this article, appropriate clinical indications, diagnostic performance, current clinical applications, prognostic value, and cost-effectiveness of CCTA are reviewed.